coffee production around the world
According to World Coffee Research, the demand for coffee will have doubled by 2050 -- but because of climate change and population growth, suitable land to grow it on will be cut in half.
Producers are working to adapt to these unpredictable changes, often with limited resources.
In one example, in Ethiopia, the birthplace of coffee, farmers have noticed climate changes that have harmed production: warmer nights, irregular precipitation patterns and more extreme weather. In fact, since the mid-1970s, rainfall has decreased by 15% to 20% in the southern part of Ethiopia, and droughts have become more common in all parts of the country.
*Source for Ethiopia statistics: CNN, "Climate Change could lower the quality of your coffee"; June 21, 2017; accessed May 6, 2018. https://edition.cnn.com/2017/06/21/world/coffee-climate-change-trnd/index.html
climate issues in guatemala
Guatemala is already experiencing the effects of climate change. Erratic precipitation patterns and extreme weather events have become more common and more dramatic. One example is the 2015/2016 El Niño phenomenon, which led to one of the worst droughts in 35 years in Central America. Guatemala’s southeast region - a coffee growing region known as the dry corridor - was especially affected, leading to crop failure and food insecurity.
Guatemala is projected to experience an increase in temperature of between 2°C–2.5°C by 2050 and a reduction in rainfall in the July, August, September period - a time critical for agricultural productivity.
Climate change is a global problem, but its impacts look different depending on location. We believe in local leadership addressing local issues. We want to team up on solutions, so one way to do that is to follow origin’s lead and invest in local institutions.
To that end, we’re supporting EARTH University in its mission to develop environmental leadership and entrepreneurship in the developing world. Stumptown is contributing to a scholarship fund for a Guatemalan student started by EARTH alumni in Guatemala. It’s called Fondo Pais and we are proud to support it.
**Sources: (1) NRI Working Paper Series, #4 Coffee and Climate Change. By Haggar and Schepp. Feb 2012. Accessed May 15, 2018. https://www.nri.org/images/documents/promotional_material/D5930-11_NRI_Coffee_Climate_Change_WEB.pdf (2) Climate Risk Profile: Guatemala. USAID Climate Links. April 2017. Accessed May 15, 2018. https://www.climatelinks.org/resources/climate-change-risk-profile-guatemala